Blue skies thinking: The interior designers revolutionising private jet cabins
by Tory Kingdon
It may not be easy for private jet cabin designers to meet the demands of their discerning clientele and the FAA, but they’re still finding new and interesting ways to do so, says Tory Kingdon...
When it comes to creativity, strictly imposed rules and regulations can be somewhat stifling. “There are no rules here; we’re trying to accomplish something,” American inventor Thomas Edison famously said. In the world of private aviation, interior designers must comply with the Federal Aviation Administration’s uncompromising requirements regarding the weight and combustibility of materials on board. So how do you create something unique when working within such restrictive boundaries?
“It’s very difficult to be innovative in a cabin scheme,” says Gianluca Ascheri, MD of Greenline Interiors’ aviation division. “When you install a new material, it’s not just the final finish but the whole structure that must undergo the burn test. So it’s much easier to go with a material that’s already been approved than introduce a new one.”
While most textiles can be treated to meet the requirements, the process can change the characteristics of material, turning silk into something less tactile. “We want the finishes to be in as natural a form as possible, so we need to choose leathers and fabrics we know will retain their original texture and feel after being treated,” says Jim Dixon, head of aviation at Winch Design.
When it comes to weight constraints, there are the legal requirements but it also makes sense to reduce bulk as much as possible, saving the owner fuel and enabling them to fly further faster. Attention to detail when it comes to weight consideration is key; an additional fraction of an inch in the thickness of carpet, when used over a large area, can be enough to tip the scale.
Composite materials are now more commonly seen in interiors as well as in the frame of the aircraft, often used as the base of a more luxury veneer. Replacing traditional structures with composites can reduce an aircraft’s weight by up to 33 per cent. Almost anything can be added over the substrate – the likes of gold leaf, marble or bespoke wood marquetry – but in small amounts. “It’s about using the materials in clever ways, so the marble or precious stone for the bathroom or table top will be only 4-5mm thick, but it will be the very best marble or precious stone. This is what makes the difference to a client looking for something special and unique,” says Ascheri. “We recently installed the most expensive wood veneer in the world.”
There is the option of applying “faux finishes” – cast polycarbonate mimics the effect of crystal, for instance, and is a fraction of the weight but for the most part, discerning jet owners are looking for the real deal; Greenline recently installed crystal Lalique taps in an airplane bathroom.
“Customers appreciate that there are restrictive certification requirements in airplanes but they expect a certain quality of materials and attention to detail in order to create the level of luxury they’re used to,” says Dixon. Winch’s recent design of a VVIP Boeing BBJ includes silver-flecked dark veneer panels and buttery soft cream leather seating that features hand-stitched motifs, also embroidered on the valance panels and carpets. The five-seater dining table is finished with shagreen and accessories are made from mother-of-pearl. The intention was to create a scheme that was tactile, elegant and “unapologetically masculine,” says Dixon.
Embraer Executive Jets is looking at ways of creating a luxury finish by exposing elements of the cabin’s carbon fibre structure. “I call it industrial chic,” says Jay Beever, VP of interior design. “We’re creating lighter weight opportunities through industrial design of the sort you’d see in residential schemes.” This was put into practice for a recent customer who was interested in an all-black interior for his Phenom 100 ACE. Rather than opting for a wood treatment, the designers exposed a large amount of the substrate. “At first glance it looks like a piano-black aircraft interior, but when the light hits the panels you have the three-dimensional feel of the carbon fibre weave. It’s beautiful, very elegant,” says Beever. “It also cleverly reflects the client’s love of Bugatti race cars.”
Traditional fabrics are undergoing an evolution, too. Leather is no longer simply a necessity to cover unsightly surfaces but is used as a design feature, sometimes woven, embossed or with a metallic finish. There are also leathers that allow cool-air circulation for passengers as seen in the latest sports cars, and leathers being developed that are robust enough for floor coverings. In Embraer’s “Hollywood” concept jet design, an embossed and etched leather side panel creates a raised-relief storytelling mural featuring silver screen starlets, Howard Hughes’s airplane and the iconic 1934 Rolls-Royce. In Skyranch, created by Embraer and Eddie Sotto, leather finishes were inspired by saddles to fit the ranch theme, with layer upon layer of detail and intricate stitching. “These concepts show we can say yes rather than no to our clients, whatever their vision,” says Beever.
The average term for aircraft ownership is four to five years and most owners feel anything too personalised in the cabin may affect resale. The advent of the sharing economy is also resulting in more pared-back design, particularly when it comes to fractional ownership. According to Beever, “the client wants to feel like they’re in the same aircraft every time as if they’ve purchased it.”
Innovation is focused on practical solutions over extreme design. So what does the future hold? Embraer is keeping a close eye on the advancement of fibre optic cloth. “There have been examples of fibre optic lighting woven into carpets, but for me the exciting thing is the potential for material to impart information,” says Beever. “All the information that is currently displayed on a small placard stuck on to the seat in front – safety information or instructions for taxi or take-off – could be presented through the material, illuminating when necessary but being invisible at other times.” Thanks to the forward thinking of designers in the sector, regardless of FAA regulations, the sky really is the limit.